connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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Saturday, July 02, Thus apparently the structure of the Caliphate was maintained by the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Fatimids and the Turks, but the spirit of Islamic democracy as buried in the coffin of Hazrat Ali, the last of the Pious Caliph. Al-Mawardi quotes the following tradition from Abu Hurairah: Allim, Faqih and theeory But on the bases of his qualities and merit. Designation And Privileges 1.

Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia

politicsl The Imam is appointed in one of the two ways: Bad and wicked ones ever try to disturb the gentle and polite citizens. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

He especially prepared himself for the judicial profession and obtained an appointment in the State service.

Contact our editors with your feedback. This designation was objected to by many leading jurists like Abu al-Tayyib, al-Tabari, and al-Simyari, who said that it did not become anyone except God. The moral change is of two kinds: Life And Works B.


Conceded the possibility of having more than one executive organ of political power, but insisted on the unity of ummah and on the symbolic unity of the office of caliph. Justice with all the conditions pertaining to it b. Wisdom The candidates of Imamate should also fulfill certain conditions: He was eventually appointed chief qadi of Baghdad, and subsequently was entrusted with various responsibilities on behalf of the Caliphate: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

H appointed his manumitted slave, Hazrat Zaid bin Harithah, to take his place at the head of the Muslim army and at the same time ordered that is case of his death he should be masardi by Hazrat Jafar bin Ali Talib, after him Hazrat Abdullah bin Rawahah and in case he is also killed, the mantle of command should fall on the shoulders of whomever the soldiers might choose.


When a friend asked why he kept his books back he replied that it was because he felt that his motives in writing them were not as pure as he should have wished and that he did not know whether Allah the Almighty had accepted these literary offerings or not. The Buwaihids, who had no legal claim to sovereignty, and who had not clarified their position, had long been intriguing to over-throw the Caliphate outright.

Hence, the construction of a political theory out of his ruling can be neither justified nor appreciated as an achievement in political thought.

The political thought of Abu Al-Hassan Al-Mawardi

Al-Mawardi, al-Akham al-Sultaniyyah, p. Al-Mawardi is right to say that Caliphate was a responsible institution because basic elements of democracy were there. The first chapter of his book, kitaab Al-Ahkam Al Sultania is to tell us about the sovereign of Imam.


But when Abbasids came into power, it signaled the victory of the State polity over religious ideology. It is called wasiah.

It is of three kinds: This flimsy emphasis on the Qurayshite descent is a formidable hit on the claims of Fatimids.

Edinburgh Research Archive

The imposition and collection of Kharaj and Zakat taxes in accordance with the laws of the Shariah and the interpretation of the jurists without resorting to extortion or pressure. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of After the period of the Pious Caliph, Caliphate converted into monarchy.

Number ten has thelry chosen particularly because it is an auspicious and mystical number.

The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate. He explained various case of the invention of baseless hadiths i. There was a problem with your submission.

Retrieved from ” https: When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life. Qawanin-ul-Wazarat Laws of the Ministry 4. There is no precedent in Islamic history when an Imam was deposed from office by legal and proper means.

The Qurayshite descent of the candidate of Imamate is very important. A state where there is no justice, such states ever fall.